selenium (generic name)

a minerals and electrolyte - treats Infertility, Physical endurance, Sunburn prevention, Skin cancer, Prostate cancer prevention, Eye disorders...
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Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Abnormal pap smears, acne, alcoholism, allergic rhinitis, altitude sickness, anemia, arsenic poisoning, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), bone density, burns, cardiac arrhythmia, celiac disease, childhood growth promotion, cognitive dysfunction, colitis, depression, diabetic retinopathy, Down's syndrome, gray hair, growth disorders (growing pains), helminth re-infection, hypersensitivity to electricity, inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease, lupus, macular degeneration, menopausal symptoms, metabolic enhancement, miscarriage prevention, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, organ dysfunction, Osgood-Schlatter disease, otitis media, pain, phenylketonuria, poor elasticity of poison prophylaxis, Raynaud's phenomenon, sleep apnea, stroke, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), ulcerative colitis, vaccine adjunct, vasculitis.

Dosing

Adults (over 18 years old)

The U.S. Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for adults is 80-200 micrograms taken by mouth. Specifically: 55 micrograms for female adults; 70 micrograms for male adults; 40-70 micrograms for adolescent males, 45-55 micrograms for adolescent females; 65 micrograms for pregnant females; and 75 micrograms for breastfeeding females.

Some forms of selenium, such as organic L-(+) selenomethionine), may have better bioavailability than selenite and selenate. Bioavailability may also be affected by vitamin C. Selenium absorption may be lower in those adapted to low selenium diets.

A common dosing range studied is 80-200 micrograms daily. However, these doses have not been proven effective. The dose of selenium associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer in the NPC trial is 200 micrograms daily. Although the maximum daily dose recommended is 200 micrograms, other trials have used 200, 400, or 800 micrograms of selenized yeast in the prevention of prostate cancer. Selenized yeast (200 or 800 micrograms daily) is being tested as a treatment for prostate cancer.

Intravenous doses have been given, but should only be used under the direction of a qualified healthcare professional.

Selenium sulfide (1% to 2.5% lotion or shampoo) has been used to treat dandruff and yeast infections.

Children (under 18 years old)

The U.S. Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for infants and children is 10 micrograms taken by mouth daily for 0-6 months; 15 micrograms daily for 6-12 months; 20 micrograms for 1-6 years; 30 micrograms for 7-10 years; 45 micrograms for 11-14 years; and 50 micrograms for 5-18 years. Adequate intake for infants up to six months old may be 2.1 micrograms per kilogram per day and for infants 7-12 months it may be 2.2 micrograms per kilogram per day.

The maximum daily dose recommended is 45 micrograms for 0-6 months; 60 micrograms for 7-12 months; 90 micrograms for 1-3 years; 150 micrograms for 4-8 years; and 280 micrograms for 9-13 years.

Intravenous doses have been given, but should only be used under the direction of a qualified healthcare professional.

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