fenugreek (generic name)
- Auto Immune Conditions
- Bladder & Kidney Health
- Brain & Nervous System
- Care Transitions
- Dental Health
- Emotional Health
- Eye Health
- Falls Prevention
- Financial Planning
- General Safety
- Health Care Basics
- Healthy Living
- Hearing Loss
- Heart Health
- High Blood Pressure
- Life Transitions
- Lung Health
- Men's Health
- Nutrition & Weight Management
- Pain Management
- Preventive Health
- Sexual Health
- Stomach & Digestive Health
- Stress & Anxiety
- Women's Health
This information is based on a professional level monograph edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com): Ethan Basch, MD, MPhil (Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center); J. Kathryn Bryan, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Dilys Burke, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Lisa Cheung, PharmD (University of Rhode Island); Edzard Ernst, MD (University of Exeter); Nicole Giese, MS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Ivo Foppa, MD, ScD (University of South Carolina); Paul Hammerness, MD (Harvard Medical School); Sadaf Hashmi, MD, MPH (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Grace Kuo, PharmD (Baylor College of Medicine); Michelle Miranda, PharmD (University of Rhode Island); Siddhartha Mukherjee, MD (Harvard Medical School); Michael Smith, M.R.PharmS., ND (Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine); David Sollars, M.Ac, HMC (New England School of Acupuncture); Shaina Tanguay-Colucci, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Catherine Ulbricht, PharmD (Massachusetts General Hospital); Nazhiyath Vijayan, MD (University of California, Davis); Minney Varghese, BS (Northeastern University); Wendy Weissner, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration).
BibliographyDISCLAIMER: Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.
Abdel-Barry JA, Abdel-Hassan IA, Jawad AM, et al. Hypoglycaemic effect of aqueous extract of the leaves of Trigonella foenum-graecum in healthy volunteers. East Mediterr Health J 2000;6(1):83-88.
Abdo MS, al Kafawi AA. Experimental studies on the effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum. Planta Med 1969;17(1):14-18.
Bordia A, Verma SK, Srivastava KC. Effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum L.) on blood lipids, blood sugar and platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 1997;56(5):379-384.
Damanik R, Wahlqvist ML, Wattanapenpaiboon N. Lactagogue effects of Torbangun, a Bataknese traditional cuisine. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2006;15(2):267-74.
Gupta A, Gupta R, Lal B. Effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) seeds on glycaemic control and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a double blind placebo controlled study. J Assoc Physicians India 2001;49:1057-1061.
Izzo AA, Di Carlo G, Borrelli F, et al. Cardiovascular pharmacotherapy and herbal medicines: the risk of drug interaction. Int J Cardiol 2005 Jan;98(1):1-14.
Lambert JP, Cormier A. Potential interaction between warfarin and boldo-fenugreek. Pharmacotherapy 2001;21(4):509-512.
Madar Z, Abel R, Samish S, et al. Glucose-lowering effect of fenugreek in non-insulin dependent diabetics. Eur J Clin Nutr 1988;42(1):51-54.
Neeraja A, Pajyalakshmi P. Hypoglycemic effect of processed fenugreek seeds in humans. J Food Sci Technol 1996;33(5):427-430.
Panda S, Tahiliani P, Kar A. Inhibition of triiodothyronine production by fenugreek seed extract in mice and rats. Pharmacol Res 1999;40(5):405-409.
Patil SP, Niphadkar PV, Bapat MM. Allergy to fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum). Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1997;78(3):297-300.
Rao PU, Sesikeran B, Rao PS, et al. Short term nutritional and safety evaluation of fenugreek. Nutr Res 1996;16(9):1495-1505.
Shekelle PG, Hardy M, Morton SC, et al. Are Ayurvedic herbs for diabetes effective? J Fam Pract 2005 Oct;54(10):876-86.
Sowmya P, Rajyalakshmi P. Hypocholesterolemic effect of germinated fenugreek seeds in human subjects. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 1999;53(4):359-365.
Topaloglu AK, Zeller WP, Andersen BD, et al. Maternal fenugreek ingestion simulating maple syrup urine odor in the infant. Ann Med Sci 1996;5(1):41-42.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.