Bacopa (generic name)

treats Memory, Anxiety, Epilepsy, Irritable bowel syndrome, and Cognition
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Herbs & Supplements

Synonyms

Bacopa monniera Linn., Bacopa monniera Wettst., Bacopa monnieri, Bacopa monnieri L., bacopasapponin, bacopasaponin C, bacoside, bacoside A, bacoside A3, bacoside B, bacosine, betulinic acid, brahmi, Herpestis moniera cuneifolia, Herpestis monniera, Jalanimba, Jalnaveri, medhya rasayana, Moniera cuneifolia, oroxindin, sambrani chettu, Scrophulariaceae (family), thyme-leaved gratiola, water hyssop, wogonin.

Background

Bacopa (Bacopa monnieri) leaf extract is called brahmi in Ayurvedic medicine and is widely used in India, especially for enhancing memory, analgesia (pain relief), and epilepsy. Bacopa has traditionally been used to treat asthma, hoarseness, and mental disorders, to help improve mental performance, epilepsy, and as a nerve tonic, cardiotonic (heart tonic), and diuretic (increases urine flow). Bacopa was prominently mentioned in Indian texts as early as the 6th Century.

Most research on bacopa has concentrated on its effects on learning. Bacopa may also be helpful in managing pediatric attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but clinical evidence is lacking.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Cognition: Although bacopa is traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine to enhance cognition, current evidence is lacking in this area. More research is needed before bacopa can be recommended for enhancing brain function in adults or children.
Grade: B

Anxiety (clinical): Bacopa has traditionally been used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat anxiety. Although early evidence is promising, more study is needed.
Grade: C

Epilepsy: Although bacopa is traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine for epilepsy, additional study is needed before a strong recommendation can be made.
Grade: C

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): Preliminary evidence suggests that bacopa and bael fruit used in combination may treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, additional studies using bacopa alone are needed before bacopa can be recommended for IBS.
Grade: C

Memory: Although bacopa is traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine to enhance memory, additional study is needed before a firm conclusion can be drawn.
Grade: C

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Analgesia, anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antipyretic (fever reducer), asthma, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), back pain, bronchitis, cardiotonic, cardiovascular (heart) disease, diuretic (increases urine flow), fatigue, gastric ulcers, H. pylori, hoarseness of voice, immunomodulation, insomnia, laryngitis, learning, mental disorders, mental illness, nerve disorders, rheumatism, sedative, sexual dysfunction, stress.
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