Physical therapy
According to the American Physical Therapy Association, the goal of physical therapy or physiotherapy is to improve mobility, restore function,...

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This information is based on a professional level monograph edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration ( Ashley Brigham, PharmD (Northeastern University); J. Kathryn Bryan, BA (University of Virginia); Dawn Costa, BA, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Nicole Giese, MS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Dawn Costa, BA, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Thomas Mokoid (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Audrey Nealon, PharmD (Northeastern University); Shaina Tanguay-Colucci, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Catherine Ulbricht, PharmD (Massachusetts General Hospital); Wendy Weissner, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Jen Woods (Natural Standard Research Collaboration).


DISCLAIMER: Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to Selected references are listed below.

Bassett SF, Prapavessis H. Home-based physical therapy intervention with adherence-enhancing strategies versus clinic-based management for patients with ankle sprains. Phys Ther 2007 Sep;87(9):1132-43.

Bellamy SG, Gibbs K, Lazaro R. Physical therapy intervention for an adolescent with a knee flexion contracture and diagnosis of multiple pterygium syndrome. Pediatr Phys Ther 2007 Summer;19(2):140-7.

Caldwell C, Sahrmann S, Van Dillen L. Use of a movement system impairment diagnosis for physical therapy in the management of a patient with shoulder pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2007 Sep;37(9):551-63.

Carlson M, Hadlock T. Physical therapist management following rotator cuff repair for a patient with postpolio syndrome. Phys Ther 2007 Feb;87(2):179-92.

Dwornik M, Białoszewski D, Kiebzak W, et al. The correlation of selected physical examination findings and the efficacy of physiotherapy for chronic lumbosacral pain. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2007 May-Jun;9(3):297-309.

Fritz JM, Brennan GP. Preliminary examination of a proposed treatment-based classification system for patients receiving physical therapy interventions for neck pain. Phys Ther 2007 May;87(5):513-24.

Haddick E. Management of a patient with shoulder pain and disability: a manual physical therapy approach addressing impairments of the cervical spine and upper limb neural tissue. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2007 Jun;37(6):342-50.

Luijsterburg PA, Lamers LM, Verhagen AP, et al. Cost-effectiveness of physical therapy and general practitioner care for sciatica. Spine 2007 Aug 15;32(18):1942-8.

Manca A, Dumville JC, Torgerson DJ, et al. Randomized trial of two physiotherapy interventions for primary care back and neck pain patients: cost effectiveness analysis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2007 Sep;46(9):1495-501.

Minns Lowe CJ, Barker KL, Dewey M, et al. Effectiveness of physiotherapy exercise after knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 2007 Oct 20;335(7624):812.

Rahlin M, Cech D, Rheault W, et al. Use of music during physical therapy intervention for an infant with Erb's palsy: a single-subject design. Physiother Theory Pract 2007 Mar-Apr;23(2):105-17.

Roche G, Ponthieux A, Parot-Shinkel E, et al. Comparison of a functional restoration program with active individual physical therapy for patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007 Oct;88(10):1229-35.

Senbursa G, Baltaci G, Atay A. Comparison of conservative treatment with and without manual physical therapy for patients with shoulder impingement syndrome: a prospective, randomized clinical trial. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2007 Jul;15(7):915-21. Epub 2007 Feb 28.

Ulrich SD, Bhave A, Marker DR, et al. Focused rehabilitation treatment of poorly functioning total knee arthroplasties. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2007 Nov;464:138-45.

Van Brussel M, Takken T, Uiterwaal CS, et al. Physical training in children with osteogenesis imperfecta. J Pediatr 2008 Jan;152(1):111-6, 116.e1.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

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