Vaccines for Infants & Toddlers
Immunization protects babies and small children and helps prevent the spread of disease. Here is a schedule for when infants and toddlers shoul...
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Vaccines Recommended for Infants
Breast milk gives young infants protection against many
diseases. It contains antibodies passed from their mothers. However, this
immunity wears off within a year. After that, immunization can protect babies
and small children from disease. Vaccines can also help prevent the spread of
Numerous vaccines are recommended during childhood. These
vaccines protect against diseases that used to be devastating or even deadly.
Today, many of those deadly childhood diseases have been eliminated in the
A number of vaccinations are recommended for infants and
children up to 2 years of age. These include:
- HepB, which protects against
hepatitis B (infection of the liver)
which protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis
which protects against Haemophilus
influenzae type b. This infection used to be a leading cause of
which protects against pneumococcal disease
which protects against polio
which protects against rotavirus, a major cause of diarrhea
which protects against the flu. This is a seasonal vaccine
that is given yearly.
which protects against measles, mumps, and rubella (German
which protects against chickenpox
which protects against hepatitis A
When to Get Vaccinated
Vaccinations are not all given right after a baby is born. They
are spaced throughout the first 24 months. Many are given in multiple
Don’t worry, though. You don’t have to remember the
vaccination schedule yourself. Your pediatrician will guide you through the
The recommended vaccination timeline is as follows:
- HepB: The
first HepB vaccine is given at the time of birth. HepB is administered in
three shots, preferably within six months. Most states require HepB
vaccination for a child to enter school.
At 2 Months
requires five doses during infancy and early childhood. These are
started at 2 months old. The final DTaP dose is given at age 4 to 6. Tdap
boosters are then given during adolescence and adulthood.
- PCV is given in a series of four
doses. It’s usually started at 2 months.
vaccination starts at 2 months of age. It is given in four doses.
(IPV) vaccination is given in four doses. It also starts at 2 months.
- RV is
given in two or three doses, depending on the vaccine used.
At 4 Months
At 6 Months
flu shots can be given to infants starting at age 6 months. Flu season
can run from September to May.
At 1 Year
is given in two doses. The first dose is recommended between 12 and 15
months. The second dose is usually given between ages 4 and 6. However, it
can be given as soon as 28 days after the first dose.
is recommended for all healthy children. It’s given in two doses. The
first dose is given at 12 to 15 months. The second is given when the child
is 4 to 6 years old. Aspirin products should be avoided for six weeks
after this vaccine.
is given at 1 year of age.
influenza (as appropriate)
At 15 to 18 Months
influenza (as appropriate)
Medically Reviewed by:
Brenda B. Spriggs, MD, MPH, MBA
Nov 6, 2014
Published By: Healthline Networks, Inc.