Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can
be temporary or permament, and may be painless or painful. Some have situational causes, while others may be genetic. Some skin conditions are minor, and others can be life-threatening.
Common skin conditions include:
most skin disorders are minor, others can indicate a more serious issue. Contact
your doctor if you think you might have one of these common skin problems.
Many temporary skin conditions exist, including contact
dermatitis and keratosis pilaris.
dermatitis is one of the most common occupational illnesses. The condition
is often the result of contact with chemicals or other irritating materials. These
substances can trigger a reaction that causes the skin to become itchy, red,
and inflamed. Most cases of contact dermatitis aren’t severe, but they can be rather
itchy. Topical creams and avoiding the irritant are typical treatments.
Keratosis pilaris is a minor condition that causes small,
rough bumps on the skin. These bumps usually form on the upper arms, thighs, or
cheeks. They’re typically red or white and don’t hurt or itch. Treatment isn’t
necessary, but medicated creams can improve skin appearance.
Some chronic skin conditions are present from birth, while
others appear suddenly later in life.
The cause of these disorders isn’t always known. Many
permanent skin disorders have effective treatments that enable extended periods
of remission. However, they’re incurable and symptoms can reappear at any time.
Examples of chronic skin conditions include:
- rosacea, which is characterized by small, red,
pus-filled bumps on the face
- psoriasis, which causes scaly, itchy, and dry
- vitiligo, which results in large, irregular patches
Skin disorders in children
Skin disorders are common in children. Children can experience
many of the same skin conditions as adults. Infants and toddlers are also at
risk for diaper-related skin problems. Since children have more frequent
exposure to other children and germs, they may also develop skin disorders that
rarely occur in adults. Many childhood skin problems disappear with age, but children
can also inherit permanent skin disorders. In most cases, doctors can treat childhood
skin disorders with topical creams, medicated lotions, or condition-specific
Common childhood skin disorders include:
- diaper rash
- fifth disease
from bacterial or fungal infections
from allergic reactions
of skin disorders
Skin conditions have a wide range of symptoms. Symptoms on
your skin that appear due to common problems aren’t always the result of a skin
disorder. Such symptoms can include blisters from new shoes or chafing from
tight pants. However, skin problems that have no obvious cause may indicate the
presence of an actual skin condition that requires treatment.
Skin irregularities that are typically symptoms of a skin
bumps that are red or white
rash, which might be painful or itchy
or rough skin
sores or lesions
patches of skin
bumps, warts, or other skin growths
in mole color or size
loss of skin pigment
of skin disorders
Common known causes of skin disorders include:
trapped in skin pores and hair follicles
parasites, or microorganisms living on the skin
weakened immune system
with allergens, irritants, or another person’s infected skin
affecting the thyroid, immune system, kidneys, and other body systems
Numerous health conditions and lifestyle factors can also
lead to the development of certain skin disorders. Some skin conditions have no
Inflammatory bowel disease
bowel disease is a term for a group of intestinal disorders that cause
prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract. These bowel-related disorders
often cause skin problems. The drugs used to treat these diseases can cause
certain skin conditions, such as:
Many people with diabetes experience a skin
problem as a result of their condition at some point. Some of these skin
disorders only affect people with diabetes. Others occur more frequently in
people with diabetes because the disease increases the risk for infection and
blood circulation problems. Diabetes-related skin conditions include:
is a chronic inflammatory disease that can damage the skin, joints, or organs
inside the body. Common skin problems that occur from lupus include:
lesions on the face and head
red, scaly lesions
ring-shaped lesions on body parts exposed to sunlight
rash on the face and body that looks like a sunburn
purple, or black spots on fingers and toes
inside the mouth and nose
red spots on the legs
Pregnancy causes significant changes in hormone levels that
may lead to skin problems. Pre-existing skin problems may change or get worse during
pregnancy. Most skin conditions that arise during pregnancy go away after the
baby is born. Others require medical attention during pregnancy.
Common skin conditions caused by pregnancy include:
Stress can cause hormonal imbalances, which may trigger or
aggravate skin disorders. Stress-related skin problems include:
The sun can cause many different skin disorders. Some are
common and harmless, while others are rare or life-threatening. Knowing if the
sun causes or worsens your skin disorder is important for treating it properly.
Sunlight exposure may cause or aggravate the following
Many skin disorders are treatable. Common treatment methods
for skin conditions include:
creams and ointments
or steroid injections
Not all skin disorders respond to treatment. Some conditions
go away without treatment. People with permanent skin conditions often go
through periods of severe symptoms. Sometimes, people are able to force
incurable conditions into remission. However, most skin conditions reappear due
to certain triggers, such as stress or illness.
You can often treat skin disorders that are temporary and cosmetic
skin care products
lifestyle adjustments, such as making certain dietary changes
Certain skin disorders aren’t preventable, including genetic
conditions and some skin problems due to other illnesses. However, it’s
possible to prevent some skin disorders.
Follow these tips to prevent infectious skin disorders:
your hands with soap and warm water frequently.
sharing eating utensils and drinking glasses with other people.
direct contact with the skin of other people who have an infection.
things in public spaces, such as gym equipment, before using them.
share personal items, such as blankets, hairbrushes, or swimsuits.
for at least seven hours each night.
plenty of water.
excessive physical or emotional stress.
a nutritious diet.
vaccinated for infectious skin conditions, such as chickenpox.
Noninfectious skin disorders, such as acne and atopic
dermatitis, are sometimes preventable. Prevention techniques vary depending on
the condition. Here are some tips for preventing some noninfectious skin
your face with a gentle cleanser and water every day.
environmental and dietary allergens.
contact with harsh chemicals or other irritants.
for at least seven hours each night.
plenty of water.
a healthy diet.
your skin from excessive cold, heat, and wind.
Learning about proper skin care and treatment for skin
disorders can be very important for skin health. Some conditions require the
attention of a doctor, while you can address others safely at home. You should
learn about your symptoms or condition and talk with your doctor to determine
the best treatment methods.