If you are experiencing symptoms of a heart
attack, there are several diagnostic and interventional test that can be conducted
to make a diagnosis, while also measuring damage to the heart muscle and future
An EKG reveals abnormalities in the electrical
conduction system of the heart. Distinct pattern changes in the appearance of
electrical waves gives strong indication of whether a heart attack has occurred,
as well the location of the damage.
Your blood can reveal a lot about your health.
During a heart attack, cells that are damaged release proteins, or biomarkers,
into the bloodstream. Measuring the levels of these biomarkers can reveal the
severity of the heart attack, where it started, and how long ago it occurred.
This test records the movement of blood through
the heart and valves to assess how well your heart is working and identify
areas that are not functioning correctly. An echocardiogram can also be used to
determine which areas of the heart were damaged during a heart attack.
Doctors will sometimes take an x-ray of the heart,
lungs, and chest area to assess heart size.
Cardiac CT or MRI
Computer Tomography (CT) and Magnetic
Resonance Imaging (MRI) are two types of imaging tests
provide doctors with a more detailed view of the heart and surrounding blood
vessels to assess damage and predict future heart attack risk.
An exercise stress test is a valuable way to
help diagnose coronary artery disease and assess future risk of heart attack.
Doctors monitor your heart function, including heart rate, blood pressure, and
EKG reading, while you walk on a treadmill. This test can also help you
determine your own exercise limits based on your heart’s capabilities and