What Is a Ganglioneuroblastoma?
are cancers that develop in young nerve cells, or neuroblasts. In
neuroblastoma, nerves never fully develop and instead, turn into tumors. Most
often they are found around the adrenal glands, but they can develop in other
parts of your abdomen.
are tumors that develop in your nerve tissue, from “ganglia,” meaning “a mass
of nerve cells.”
are intermediate tumors, ones that have both malignant and benign cells, or
both cancerous and noncancerous cells, respectively.
tumors are rare and primarily occur in children under the age of 5. This study shows how dangerous these tumors are: They account for 10 percent of
all cancers in children, and 15 percent of all cancer deaths in children.
Symptoms and Causes of a
cases, the first sign of ganglioneuroblastoma is a lump, usually in the
abdomen. If you see a lump in your own or your child’s abdomen, seek medical advice
immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment are important, in order to stop the
disease before it spreads.
tumor is in the abdomen, other symptoms can include:
- abdominal pain
- diarrhea or constipation
- bone pain
- paralysis, if the tumor compresses
general, cancer develops due to a genetic mutation that allows cells to multiply
out of control. However, the specific causes of ganglioneuroblastomas are
How a Ganglioneuroblastoma Is Diagnosed
If you or
your child has a lump in your abdomen, make an appointment immediately for a
complete physical exam. Some tests used to diagnose tumors include:
- blood tests
- urine tests
- CT scan
- metaiodobenzylguanidine scan, MIBG,
a special nuclear imaging test to detect neuroblastomas
- bone scan
- bone marrow aspiration and biopsy
Treatment Options for a Ganglioneuroblastoma
quicker a ganglioneuroblastoma is diagnosed, the quicker it can be treated and
prevented from spreading. Treatment usually begins with surgical removal of the
tumor. Chemotherapy and radiation are then used to prevent regrowth.
tumor contains only benign cells, surgery is most likely the only treatment
Related Types of Neurological Tumors
Ganglioneuroblastomas are intermediate tumors growing in nerve tissue.
Ganglioneuromas are benign tumors of mature ganglia and nerve sheaths.
Removal is usually the only treatment necessary.
are tumors made up of mature neurons, occurring mainly in the brain, but also
anywhere in the central nervous system (brain or spine).
are slow-growing tumors in the central nervous system, frequently found in the
temporal lobe of the brain, and mainly in children and young adults.
little is known about this rare form of cancer, it is important to seek a
doctor immediately if you feel a lump in you or your child’s abdomen. If it
does turn out to be a ganglioneuroblastoma, the quicker you discover and
diagnose it, the quicker it can be removed and prevented from spreading
throughout you or your child’s body.