First Aid: Eye Care
kind of injury or trauma to the eyes should be taken seriously. Prompt medical
attention for eye problems can save your vision and prevent further
common at home or in the workplace can easily get splashed into your eyes. It
is important to wear safety glasses when handling toxic or abrasive chemicals,
and to use caution with household cleaners in order to prevent injury.
First aid care for chemical
the person to remain calm and keep his or her eyes open until they can be
flushed. Closing the eyes traps the chemical in and does further damage.
eyes generously with water for 15 to 20 minutes. Make sure the person keeps their
eyes open during flushing.
immediate medical care.
You can also call your local poison
center for instructions. Be prepared to give information about the name and
type of chemical, if possible.
eye often cleans itself of debris with tearing, so no treatment is needed until
you are certain the object cannot be removed by itself.
First aid care for foreign
objects in the eyes includes:
the person from rubbing their eyes.
him or her lift the upper eyelid up and out over the lower lid. Then have the
person roll their eyes around.
the eyes generously with water. Have the person keep eyes open during flushing.
the previous steps until the object is eliminated.
up with a doctor to make sure all debris is gone and the eyes have not been
scratched or damaged.
If there is an object embedded in the
eye, do NOT remove, as this may cause further damage. Instead, cover the eye
with an eye shield or gauze and seek prompt medical attention.
Blows to the Eye
strikes from objects or humans can hit the eye directly or around the socket.
Minor blows can often be managed at home; however any eye injury should be
monitored for signs of a more serious injury or potential infection.
First aid care for a blow to
the eyes includes:
place a cold compress over the eye in five to 10 minute intervals. Do not place
ice directly on skin; use a cloth in between the ice and skin.
your doctor. He or she may want to examine the eye for potential damage.
24 hours, switch to warm compresses. This will help with bruising.
Seek immediate medical attention if
you notice any of the following symptoms:
from the affected eye
visible abnormalities or bleeding in the sclera (white part) of the eye
Cuts or Puncture Wounds of the Eye or Lid
You should seek immediate medical care if you suffer this type of
injury. However, you need to follow some basic first aid steps to ensure proper
safety and support.
First aid care for cuts or
not wash the eye or lid.
there is an object embedded in the eye, do NOT remove. You may do further
the eye with an eye shield, or if not available, the bottom half of a paper
cup. Tape the shield gently over eye to secure on the face.
prompt medical attention.