symptoms occur when blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body become abnormally
elevated. The most common symptoms of diabetes include:
- increased urination
- blurry vision
symptoms do vary from one person to the next, and depend on which type of
diabetes you have.
Symptoms of type
1 diabetes tend to begin abruptly and dramatically. Type 1 is most
often seen in children, adolescents, and young adults. Type 2 diabetes, which
is the most common type, occurs most commonly in adults. The symptoms are
similar to type 1 diabetes, they develop slowly, or there may be no symptoms at
all. Type 2 is often caused by obesity.
In some cases
your symptoms may seem vague or harmless. However, you should be alert to the
following symptoms. If you experience them, see your doctor immediately for a
diabetes screening and blood tests.
causes your blood glucose levels to rise. Increased glucose levels cause your
body to pull fluid from your cells into the bloodstream and deliver the
increased load to your kidneys. This can overwork your kidneys and cause them
to produce more urine than normal. Frequent urination, another common symptom, will
bring on thirst. This leads to drinking more fluids, which compounds the
diabetes, your body has trouble processing the glucose from the foods you eat.
This will cause your body to break down other energy sources available like fat.
This will lead to weight loss. You may eat normally and constantly feel hungry,
yet continue to lose weight. This symptom is most common in people with type 1
Glucose is a
primary source of body fuel. If you have diabetes, your body’s inability to
convert glucose into energy will lead to fatigue. This can range from a general
worn-down feeling to exhaustion.
high glucose levels in the blood can also lead to eye problems. Controlling
your blood sugar levels can help correct this symptom over time. However, if left
undetected, diabetes can lead to more serious eye problems such as cataracts,
glaucoma, and retinopathy. According to the National Eye Institute, diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness
in American adults.
levels in your body’s tissues may hinder your ability to heal from cuts and
scrapes. You will also be more susceptible to various bacteria and infections.
Especially vulnerable are the skin, kidneys, bladder, and feet.
people with diabetes have no symptoms or only mild symptoms that seem
relatively harmless, untreated diabetes can be very dangerous. There is a
danger of critically high blood sugar levels, a condition called ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis
is less common in type 2 diabetes because insulin is still being produced. This
condition can cause:
- deep, rapid breathing
- nausea or vomiting
- stomach pain
- flushed complexion
- bad breath
low levels of blood sugar (hypoglycemia) are sometimes associated with
diabetes treatments. Hypoglycemia can cause:
- rapid heartbeat
- dizziness and trembling