What is a vasectomy?
A vasectomy is a form of birth control. It prevents sperm from being
released during ejaculation. During the procedure, the vas deferens are cut or
blocked. The vas deferens is the duct that carries sperm from the testicles to
Although vasectomy is theoretically reversible, reversal doesn’t always
work. You should consider vasectomy only if you’re certain you don’t want to
have any more children.
Sperm must travel from the testicles to the man’s
urethra for pregnancy to eventually occur. Sealing or cutting the vas deferens
prevents sperm from reaching the urethra. The goal of the vasectomy is for the
man to have no sperm in his ejaculate so that his ejaculate cannot cause
A vasectomy is one of the most effective methods of birth control. According
to the American
Urological Association, pregnancy will occur in fewer than 2 out of every
1,000 couples in which the man has had a vasectomy.
is a vasectomy performed?
A vasectomy must be performed in your doctor’s office or a medical facility.
Make an appointment with your doctor to discuss if vasectomy is the right
method of birth control for you.
In one method, the doctor makes two incisions to access the vas deferens on
either side of the scrotum. In another method, the doctor makes a small hole to
access both tubes. They then cut and seal the tubes. Then, the doctor places
stitches if you need them.
Doctors usually perform vasectomy under local anesthesia. After the
procedure, you’ll need to avoid sex and any strenuous activity for about a
effective is vasectomy?
Vasectomy prevents pregnancy nearly 100
percent of the time. It’s the most effective birth control method for men.
However, vasectomy isn’t immediately effective. Existing sperm need to clear
out of your system before it’s safe to have unprotected sex. This can take up
to three months.
Your doctor will conduct a semen analysis so that you know when it’s safe to
have sex. For this test, you’ll masturbate to provide a semen sample. They’ll
examine it for the presence of any sperm.
are the benefits of vasectomy?
A vasectomy is an effective and permanent way to prevent pregnancy. It’s
best for men who are certain they don’t want children. A vasectomy doesn’t have
any lasting effects on sexual activity or performance.
Vasectomies are easier and less expensive than female sterilization. Couples
who’ve decided against having future children should discuss their options with
are the disadvantages and risks of a vasectomy?
The main disadvantage of vasectomy is that it doesn’t protect against
sexually transmitted infections. Reversal may be possible in some
circumstances, but it’s not always an option. Reversal is more complicated than
the initial procedure.
Potential short-term risks of vasectomy include:
- bleeding inside the scrotum
- blood in the semen
Long-term issues that occur due to vasectomy are rare. They include:
- fluid buildup in the testicle
- chronic pain
It’s uncommon for a vasectomy to heal spontaneously, but it can happen. If
it does, your sexual partner may be at risk of pregnancy.
Is vasectomy for you?
Vasectomy is an effective method of birth control, but it has risks. Also, it
isn’t always reversible. If you decide that you don’t want children in the
future, this procedure may be a good option to discuss with your doctor.