miglitol (generic name)

It helps to control blood sugar
(MIG li tol)
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What is this medicine?

MIGLITOL (MIG li tol) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
  • diabetic ketoacidosis
  • kidney disease
  • stomach or bowel disease, or obstruction
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to miglitol, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take this medicine at the start of a meal, with the first bite of food. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice.

If you develop severe vomiting or severe diarrhea that prevents you from eating meals, call your health care doctor for advice.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What if I miss a dose?

If you forgot your dose at the start of your meal and you are still eating that meal, take your dose while you are still eating. Otherwise, skip the missed dose. This medicine is not effective if not taken during a meal. Wait for your next dose at your next main meal, and take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

What may interact with this medicine?

Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
  • gatifloxacin

This medicine may also interact with the following medications:

  • charcoal
  • digestive enzymes like amylase, pancreatin, pancrelipase
  • digoxin
  • other medicines for diabetes

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Learn how to check your blood sugar. Keep to your diet and exercise plan while you are taking this medicine.

Know the signs of low blood sugar and teach them to the people around you. In case of low blood sugar, keep a source of glucose with you.

Wear a medical identification bracelet or chain to say you have diabetes, and carry a card that lists all your medications.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • breathing problems
  • changes in vision
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusually weak or tired

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • diarrhea
  • stomach gas, upset
  • weight loss

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Last Updated: July 06, 2009
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