ciprofloxacin (generic name)

It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections
(sip roe FLOX a sin)
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What is this medicine?

CIPROFLOXACIN (sip roe FLOX a sin) is a quinolone antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
  • heart condition
  • joint problems (children only)
  • kidney disease
  • liver disease
  • seizures
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to ciprofloxacin, other antibiotics or medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

The medicine is for infusion into a vein. It is usually given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting.

If you get this medicine at home, you will be taught how to prepare and give this medicine. Use exactly as directed. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.

It is important that you put your used needles and syringes in a special sharps container. Do not put them in a trash can. If you do not have a sharps container, call your pharmacist or healthcare provider to get one.

A special MedGuide will be given to you by the pharmacist with each prescription and refill. Be sure to read this information carefully each time.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, use only that dose. Do not use double or extra doses.

What may interact with this medicine?

Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
  • cisapride
  • droperidol
  • tizanidine

This medicine may also interact with the following medications:

  • antacids
  • caffeine
  • cyclosporin
  • didanosine (ddI) buffered tablets or powder
  • medicines for diabetes
  • medicines for inflammation like ibuprofen, naproxen
  • methotrexate
  • multivitamins
  • omeprazole
  • phenytoin
  • probenecid
  • sucralfate
  • theophylline
  • warfarin

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Tell your doctor or health care professional if your symptoms do not improve.

Drink several glasses of water a day. You must not get dehydrated.

Do not treat diarrhea with over-the-counter products. Contact your doctor if you have diarrhea that lasts more than 2 days or if the diarrhea is severe and watery.

You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. Do not stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. This reduces the risk of dizzy or fainting spells.

This medicine can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep out of the sun. If you cannot avoid being in the sun, wear protective clothing and use sunscreen. Do not use sun lamps or tanning beds/booths.

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Last Updated: January 04, 2013
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