Tests could include:
- Musculoskeletal system examination
- History and Physical Exam
- Bone Density Scan
- Serum Calcium Measurement
- Serum Vitamin D Measurement
- Bone X-Rays
- Skeletal X-ray
- Serum Phosphorus Measurement
- Serum Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) Level
- Parathyroid Hormones Test
- Bone Biopsy
- Serum Creatinine Measurement
- bone mineral density studies
Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium and maintain strong bones throughout your entire life. Vitamin D2 and D3 come from the fish, eggs, and fortified dairy products you eat. Cholesterol in your blood is converted by sunlight to provide additio...
Phosphorus is an important part of several of your body's processes. It helps with bone growth, energy storage, and nerve and muscle production. Many foods, especially meats and dairy products, contain phosphorus, so it's usually easy to get enoug...
In some cases, your doctor may decide that he or she needs a sample of your tissue or your cells to help diagnose an illness or identify a cancer. This removal of tissue or cells is called a biopsy. While a biopsy may sound scary, it's important t...
Parathyroid hormone (PTH), also known as parathormone, is a hormone released by the parathyroid glands. The four parathyroid glands are located in your neck, next to the thyroid gland. These glands are responsible for managing calcium, vitamin D, ...
A bone mineral density test uses X-rays to measure the amount of minerals-namely calcium-in your bones. This test is important for people who are at risk for osteoporosis, especially women and the elderly. The test is also referred to as a dual en...
A kidney, ureter, and bladder (KUB) study is an X-ray procedure that assesses the organs of the urinary system and gastrointestinal system.
A gastric emptying scan, also known as a gastric emptying study or test, is an exam that uses nuclear medicine to determine how fast food leaves the stomach.
An X-ray is a common imaging test that allows doctors to view the inside of your body without having to make an incision. X-rays are waves of electromagnetic radiation that are absorbed differently by different tissues. Bones absorb them well beca...
An extremity X-ray is an X-ray image taken of your extremities (your arms, legs, hands, wrists, feet, ankles, shoulders, knees, or hips). An X-ray is a form of radiation that passes through your body and exposes a piece of film, forming an image o...
The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons that help stabilize the shoulder and aid in movement. Rotator cuff strains or tears are caused by overuse or acute injury. Repetitive lifting can put you at risk.
An X-ray is a common imaging test that has been used for decades to help doctors view the inside of the body without having to make an incision. The X-ray was made public in 1896 with an image of the hand of anatomist Albert von Köliker. In the hu...