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A pelvic exam is a visual and physical examination of a woman's reproductive organs.
A Pap smear (also called a Pap test) is a screening procedure for cervical cancer. It tests for the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells on the cervix.
A cervical biopsy is a surgical procedure in which a small amount of tissue is removed from the cervix. The cervix is located at the end of the vagina.