retinol (vit a) (generic name)
a vitamin - treats Viral infection, Measles, Skin cancer prevention, HIV Infection, Cataract prevention, Malaria, Eye disorders, Iron deficienc...
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This information is based on a systematic review of scientific literature, edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com): Ethan Basch, MD (Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center); Dawn Costa, BA, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Jill M. Grimes Serrano, PhD (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Paul Hammerness, MD (Massachusetts General Hospital); Sadaf Hashmi, MD, MPH (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health); Shaina Tanguay-Colucci, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Catherine Ulbricht, PharmD (Massachusetts General Hospital); Christine Ulbricht, BA (University of Massachusetts); Mamta Vora, PharmD (Northeastern University); Wendy Weissner, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration).
BibliographyDISCLAIMER: Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.
Becker P, Maurer B, Schirmacher P, et al. Vitamin A-induced cholestatic hepatitis: a case report. Z Gastroenterol 2007 Oct;45(10):1063-6.
Bjelakovic G, Nikolova D, Simonetti RG, et al. Antioxidant supplements for preventing gastrointestinal cancers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008 Jul 16;(3):CD004183.
Block KI, Koch AC, Mead MN, et al. Impact of antioxidant supplementation on chemotherapeutic toxicity: a systematic review of the evidence from randomized controlled trials. Int J Cancer 2008 Sep 15;123(6):1227-39.
Cooney TM, Johnson CS, Elner VM. Keratomalacia caused by psychiatric-induced dietary restrictions. Cornea 2007 Sep;26(8):995-7.
Cox SE, Arthur P, Kirkwood BR, et al. Vitamin A supplementation increases ratios of proinflammatory to anti-inflammatory cytokine responses in pregnancy and lactation. Clin Exp Immunol 2006 Jun;144(3):392-400.
Darboe MK, Thurnham DI, Morgan G, et al. Effectiveness of an early supplementation scheme of high-dose vitamin A versus standard WHO protocol in Gambian mothers and infants: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2007 Jun 23;369(9579):2088-96.
Diness BR, Fisker AB, Roth A, et al. Effect of high-dose vitamin A supplementation on the immune response to Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine. Am J Clin Nutr 2007 Oct;86(4):1152-9.
Kafi R, Kwak HS, Schumacher WE, et al. Improvement of naturally aged skin with vitamin A (retinol). Arch Dermatol 2007 May;143(5):606-12.
Klemm RD, Labrique AB, Christian P, et al. Newborn vitamin A supplementation reduced infant mortality in rural Bangladesh. Pediatrics 2008 Jul;122(1):e242-50.
Long KZ, Rosado JL, DuPont HL, et al. Supplementation with vitamin A reduces watery diarrhoea and respiratory infections in Mexican children. Br J Nutr 2007 Feb;97(2):337-43.
Newton S, Owusu-Agyei S, Ampofo W, et al. Vitamin A supplementation enhances infants' immune responses to hepatitis B vaccine but does not affect responses to Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine. J Nutr 2007 May;137(5):1272-7.
Payne LG, Koski KG, Ortega-Barria E, et al. Benefit of vitamin A supplementation on ascaris reinfection is less evident in stunted children. J Nutr 2007 Jun;137(6):1455-9.
Saltzman MD, King EC. Central physeal arrests as a manifestation of hypervitaminosis A. J Pediatr Orthop 2007 Apr-May;27(3):351-3.
Swami HM, Thakur JS, Bhatia SP. Impact of mass supplementation of vitamin A. Indian J Pediatr. 2007 May;74(5):443-7.
Tielsch JM, Rahmathullah L, Katz J, et al. Maternal night blindness during pregnancy is associated with low birthweight, morbidity, and poor growth in South India J Nutr 2008 Apr;138(4):787-92.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.