thiamine (generic name)
a vitamin b complex - treats Thiamin deficiency, Atherosclerosis, Coma/hypothermia of unknown origin, Crohn's disease, Didmoad, Heart failure, ...
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TraditionWARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Age-related lens opacification, Bell's palsy, brain damage (ifosfamide-induced encephalopathy), canker sores, chronic diarrhea, circulation improvement, depression, diabetes, diabetic nephropathy, dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation), epilepsy, erectile dysfunction, fibromyalgia, gastrointestinal disorders, high blood pressure, HIV support, insect repellant, learning, loss of appetite, low back pain, megaloblastic anemia, memory enhancement, myelodysplastic syndrome, optic nerve dysfunction (optic neuropathy), multiple sclerosis, radiation-induced damage (protection from genetic changes), tissue healing after surgery, ulcerative colitis.
Adults (18 years and older)
The U.S. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for adults ages 19 years and older is 1.2 milligrams daily for males and 1.1 milligrams daily for females, taken by mouth. The RDA for pregnant or breastfeeding women of any age is 1.4 milligrams daily, taken by mouth. As a dietary supplement in adults, 1-2 milligrams daily is sometimes used. Thiamin is also used to treat thiamin deficiency, metabolic/genetic enzyme deficiency disorders, neuropathy, and Wernicke's encephalopathy (prevention/treatment) under medical supervision.
Children (younger than 18 years)
The Adequate Intake (AI) for infants ages 0-6 months is 0.2 milligram; for infants 7-12 months the AI is 0.3 milligram; for children 1-3 years the U.S. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) is 0.5 milligram; for children 4-8 years the RDA is 0.6 milligram; for children ages 9-13 years the RDA is 0.9 milligram; for males ages 14-18 years the RDA is 1.2 milligram; and for females ages 14-18 years the RDA is 1 milligram, taken by mouth. The RDA for pregnant or breastfeeding women of any age is 1.4 milligrams daily, taken by mouth. Thiamin is also used to treat thiamin deficiency/beriberi under medical supervision.
SafetyDISCLAIMER: Many complementary techniques are practiced by healthcare professionals with formal training, in accordance with the standards of national organizations. However, this is not universally the case, and adverse effects are possible. Due to limited research, in some cases only limited safety information is available.
Rare hypersensitivity/allergic reactions have occurred with thiamin supplementation. A small number of life-threatening anaphylactic reactions have been observed with large parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous) doses of thiamin, generally after multiple doses.
Skin irritation, burning, or itching may rarely occur at injection sites.
Contact dermatitis may occur with occupational exposure and may cause sensitization and lead to dermatitis-type reactions after subsequent oral or injected administrations.
Side Effects and Warnings
Thiamin is generally considered safe and relatively nontoxic, even at high doses. No clear tolerable upper level (UL) of intake has been established. Dermatitis or more serious hypersensitivity reactions occur rarely.
Large doses may cause drowsiness or muscle relaxation.
Injections of thiamin may cause burning. Reactions can often be avoided by slow administration into larger veins.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
U.S. Food and Drug Administration Pregnancy Category: C.