Borago officinalis (generic name)
treats Periodontitis / gingivitis, Supplementation in preterm and very low birthweight infants, Hyperlipidemia, Alcohol-induced hangover, Asthm...
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TraditionWARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, autoimmune disorders, cancer, H. pylori infection, immune function, menopausal symptoms, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), seborrheic dermatitis (adults).
Adults (over 18 years old)
Borage is likely safe when used in food or spice amounts or when 1-3 grams is used daily in healthy adults for up to 24 weeks.
There is no proven effective dose for borage. However, 2-3 grams daily GLA (borage oil) for 24 weeks to 12 months has been used for asthma. For atopic eczema, 500-3,000 milligrams of borage oil-containing capsules daily for 12-24 weeks has been used.
Children (under 18 years old)
There is no proven safe or effective dose for borage in children. Nonetheless, two capsules of borage oil twice daily for 12 weeks have been used. For prevention of atopic dermatitis, a borage oil supplement containing 100 milligrams gamma linolenic acid daily for the first six months of life has been used.
SafetyDISCLAIMER: Many complementary techniques are practiced by healthcare professionals with formal training, in accordance with the standards of national organizations. However, this is not universally the case, and adverse effects are possible. Due to limited research, in some cases only limited safety information is available.
Avoid in individuals with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to borage or its constituents.
Side Effects and Warnings
Borage has been confused with foxglove and ingestion of foxglove leaves has caused accidental poisoning.
Borage may lower the seizure threshold. Use cautiously in patients with epilepsy or taking anticonvulsants.
When used in combination with other herbs and supplements, borage may lower blood sugar levels.
Use cautiously in patients with bleeding disorders or taking warfarin or other anticoagulants or antiplatelet agents, as borage seed oil may increase the risk of bleeding or potentiate the effects of warfarin therapy.
Avoid in patients with compromised immune systems or similar immunological conditions.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Borage is not recommended in pregnant or breastfeeding women due to a lack of available scientific evidence. One pregnant woman using borage seed oil complained of mild intestinal gas. Gamma linolenic acid, which is found in borage, may alter breast milk production.