Acupressure, shiatsu, tuina
The practice of applying finger pressure to specific acupoints throughout the body has been used in China since 2000 BC, prior to the use of ac...

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Shiatsu,Asian bodywork,Tuina

Synonyms

Acupoints stimulation, acupressure point K-D2, aromatic acupressure, Asian bodywork therapy, auricular acupressure, automated massage chair, barefoot shiatsu, Bodymind acupressureTM, finger acupressure, five element shiatsu, G-Jo acupressure, high touch acupressure, integrative eclectic shiatsu, Japanese shiatsu (Namikoshi shiatsu, Nippon shiatsu), Jin Shin acupressure, Jin Shin acutouch, Jin Shin Do®, Ki-Shiatsu®, Korean acupressure point K-D2, Korean hand acupressure, macrobiotic shiatsu, Ohashiatsu, oriental bodywork therapy, Sea-Band, Seitei shiatsu, shiatsu anma therapy, tapas acupressure techniqueTM, Tao shiatsu, traditional Chinese medicine, tuina, tuina massotherapy, vaginal acupressure, WatsuTM, Wu Shu, Zen shiatsu.

Not included in this review: Acupuncture, acutherapy, AMMA® therapy, Ampaku, Ampuku® therapy, anma (amma), anmo (an-mo, an mo), Ayurvedic (marma) massage therapy, Chi Nei Tsang, Chinese reflexology, Hoshino therapy®, Kerala kalari massage, Indian head massage, Jin Shin Jyutsu®, Okazaki restorative massage, point holding, SHEN® Therapy, Qi gong, Taoist pressing point massage, Tibetan massage (Ku Nye), Tibetan pulsing, traditional Thai massage (Nuad Bo Rarn).

Background

The practice of applying finger pressure to specific acupoints throughout the body has been used in China since 2000 BC, prior to the use of acupuncture. Acupressure techniques are widely practiced internationally for relaxation, wellness promotion, and the treatment of various health conditions. Multiple human studies suggest the effectiveness of wrist-point (P6) acupressure for treating nausea.

Shiatsu means finger (Shi) pressure (Atsu) in Japanese. Shiatsu technique involves finger pressure at acupoints and along body meridians. It can incorporate palm pressure, stretching, massaging, and other manual techniques. Shiatsu practitioners commonly treat musculoskeletal and psychological conditions, including neck/shoulder and lower back problems, arthritis, depression, and anxiety. Tuina (Chinese for "pushing and pulling") is similar to shiatsu but with more soft tissue manipulation and structural realignment. Tuina is a common form of Asian bodywork used in Chinese-American communities.

The practice of applying finger pressure to specific acupoints throughout the body has been used in China since 2000 BC, prior to the use of acupuncture. Acupressure techniques are widely practiced internationally for relaxation, wellness promotion, and the treatment of various health conditions. Multiple human studies suggest the effectiveness of wrist-point (P6) acupressure for treating nausea.

Shiatsu means finger (Shi) pressure (Atsu) in Japanese. Shiatsu technique involves finger pressure at acupoints and along body meridians. It can incorporate palm pressure, stretching, massaging, and other manual techniques. Shiatsu practitioners commonly treat musculoskeletal and psychological conditions, including neck/shoulder and lower back problems, arthritis, depression, and anxiety. Tuina (Chinese for "pushing and pulling") is similar to shiatsu but with more soft tissue manipulation and structural realignment. Tuina is a common form of Asian bodywork used in Chinese-American communities.

Theory

Several traditional Asian medical philosophies consider health to be a state of balance in the body that is maintained by the flow of life energy along specific meridians. A disease state is believed to occur when energy flow is blocked, is deficient, or is in excess. A goal of acupressure is to restore normal life energy flow using finger and palm pressure, stretching, massaging, and other bodywork techniques. It is believed that there are 12 primary channels and eight additional pathways circulating life energy throughout the body, maintaining the balance of yin and yang.

It is proposed that acupressure may reduce muscle pain and tension, improve blood circulation, release endorphins, and release/eliminate toxins. The mechanism of action may be similar to other techniques such as acupuncture (stimulation of acupoints with needles), moxa (burning with a stick including dried mugwort leaves), or other forms of manual stimulation. Techniques that involve soft tissue manipulation may have similar effects on the body as therapeutic massage.

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