The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below. Abuse/neglect, addiction (gambling, promiscuity, kleptomania), adolescent rebellion, affective disorder, aging, amnesia, anger, antisocial behavior, antisocial personality disorder, autism, cognitive disorders, communication disorder, death and dying, delirium, dementia, depersonalization disorder, dissociative disorder, dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality disorder), dual diagnoses, eating disorders (coprophagia, eating feces), educational problems, empty nest syndrome, encopresis, episodic control disorder, exhibitionism, factitious disorder, fear, fetishism, hypertension (high blood pressure), hysteria, hypochondriasis, identity/self efficacy, impaired self image (body dysmorphic disorder), impulse control disorder, impulse problems, insomnia, malingering, mania, mental retardation, mood disorders, movement disorders (psychogenic), narcissistic personality disorder, narcolepsy, obsession, pain (complex regional pain syndrome), painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea), paranoia, paranoid personality disorder, paraphilias, pedophilia, premature ejaculation, psoriasis, pyromania, relationship problems, sadness, schizophrenia, sexual arousal, sexual disorders, sexual function in women, sleep disorders, somatization disorder, somatoform disorder, stress, substance-induced mood disorder, substance-induced psychotic disorder, substance-induced sexual dysfunction, tantrums, transvestism, trauma, trichotillomania, urogenitary disorders, violent and other antisocial behaviors, voyeurism.
Many complementary techniques are practiced by healthcare professionals with formal training, in accordance with the standards of national organizations. However, this is not universally the case, and adverse effects are possible. Due to limited research, in some cases only limited safety information is available.
Psychotherapy is not always sufficient to resolve mental or emotional conditions. Psychiatric medication is sometimes needed. The reluctance to seek and use appropriate medication may contribute to worsening of symptoms or increased risk for poor outcomes.
In order to be successful, psychotherapy requires considerable personal motivation and investment in the process. This includes consistent attendance and attention to treatment recommendations provided by the practitioner.
Not all therapists are sufficiently qualified to work with all problems. The client or patient should seek referrals from trusted sources and should also inquire of the practitioner's training and background before committing to work with a particular therapist.
Some forms of psychotherapy evoke strong emotional feelings and expression. This can be disturbing for people with serious mental illness or some medical conditions.
Psychotherapy may help with post-partum depression, but is not a substitute for medication, which may be needed in severe cases.