This information is based on a professional level monograph edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com): Ashley Brigham, PharmD (Northeastern University); J. Kathryn Bryan, BA (University of Virginia); Dawn Costa, BA, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Nicole Giese, MS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Dawn Costa, BA, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Thomas Mokoid (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Audrey Nealon, PharmD (Northeastern University); Shaina Tanguay-Colucci, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Catherine Ulbricht, PharmD (Massachusetts General Hospital); Wendy Weissner, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Jen Woods (Natural Standard Research Collaboration).
Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.
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Bellamy SG, Gibbs K, Lazaro R. Physical therapy intervention for an adolescent with a knee flexion contracture and diagnosis of multiple pterygium syndrome. Pediatr Phys Ther 2007 Summer;19(2):140-7.
Caldwell C, Sahrmann S, Van Dillen L. Use of a movement system impairment diagnosis for physical therapy in the management of a patient with shoulder pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2007 Sep;37(9):551-63.
Carlson M, Hadlock T. Physical therapist management following rotator cuff repair for a patient with postpolio syndrome. Phys Ther 2007 Feb;87(2):179-92.
Dwornik M, Białoszewski D, Kiebzak W, et al. The correlation of selected physical examination findings and the efficacy of physiotherapy for chronic lumbosacral pain. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2007 May-Jun;9(3):297-309.
Fritz JM, Brennan GP. Preliminary examination of a proposed treatment-based classification system for patients receiving physical therapy interventions for neck pain. Phys Ther 2007 May;87(5):513-24.
Haddick E. Management of a patient with shoulder pain and disability: a manual physical therapy approach addressing impairments of the cervical spine and upper limb neural tissue. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2007 Jun;37(6):342-50.
Luijsterburg PA, Lamers LM, Verhagen AP, et al. Cost-effectiveness of physical therapy and general practitioner care for sciatica. Spine 2007 Aug 15;32(18):1942-8.
Manca A, Dumville JC, Torgerson DJ, et al. Randomized trial of two physiotherapy interventions for primary care back and neck pain patients: cost effectiveness analysis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2007 Sep;46(9):1495-501.
Minns Lowe CJ, Barker KL, Dewey M, et al. Effectiveness of physiotherapy exercise after knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 2007 Oct 20;335(7624):812.
Rahlin M, Cech D, Rheault W, et al. Use of music during physical therapy intervention for an infant with Erb's palsy: a single-subject design. Physiother Theory Pract 2007 Mar-Apr;23(2):105-17.
Roche G, Ponthieux A, Parot-Shinkel E, et al. Comparison of a functional restoration program with active individual physical therapy for patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007 Oct;88(10):1229-35.
Senbursa G, Baltaci G, Atay A. Comparison of conservative treatment with and without manual physical therapy for patients with shoulder impingement syndrome: a prospective, randomized clinical trial. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2007 Jul;15(7):915-21. Epub 2007 Feb 28.
Ulrich SD, Bhave A, Marker DR, et al. Focused rehabilitation treatment of poorly functioning total knee arthroplasties. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2007 Nov;464:138-45.
Van Brussel M, Takken T, Uiterwaal CS, et al. Physical training in children with osteogenesis imperfecta. J Pediatr 2008 Jan;152(1):111-6, 116.e1.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children,
never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.