What Is Transient Tic
A tic is an abrupt, uncontrollable
movement or sound that deviates from a person’s normal gestures. For example, a
person with tics may blink rapidly and repeatedly, even if nothing is
irritating their eyes.
experiences tics differently. They may suffer from either uncontrolled
movements or noises. Tics are common in children and may last for less than one
year. A child with transient tic
disorder has noticeable physical or vocal tics. The American Academy of Child and
states that tics affect up to 10 percent of children during their early school
notable tic disorder is Tourette’s
syndrome, in which both
physical and verbal tics occur in the same individual, often at the
same time. Transient tic disorder also involves both types of tics, but they
often occur individually. In 2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th
Edition (DSM-5) renamed this disorder as provisional tic disorder.
What Causes Transient Tic
There is no
known cause of transient tic disorder. Like Tourette’s and other tic disorders,
a combination of factors influences it.
research indicates that tic disorders may be inherited. A genetic mutation can
cause Tourette’s syndrome in rare cases.
in the brain may also be responsible for tic disorders. Such abnormalities are
the cause of other mental conditions, such as depression and attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
research suggests that transient tic disorder could be linked to
neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are the chemicals in the brain that
transmit nerve signals to your cells. However, no studies offer complete proof
of the role neurotransmitters play. Medications to treat transient tic disorder
alter neurotransmitter levels.
What Are the Symptoms of
Transient Tic Disorder?
disorders include Tourette’s syndrome, chronic motor or vocal tic disorder, and
transient tic disorder. Your doctor may diagnose your tic disorder as
nonspecific if your symptoms don’t fall cleanly into one of those categories.
often confused with nervous behavior. They intensify during periods of stress
and don’t happen during sleep. Tics occur repeatedly, but they don’t usually
have a rhythm.
tics may uncontrollably raise their eyebrows, shrug their shoulders, flare
their nostrils, or clench their fists. These are physical tics. Sometimes, a
tic can cause you to repeatedly clear your throat, click your tongue, or make a
certain noise, such as a grunt or a moan.
How Is Transient Tic
There is no foolproof
test to diagnose transient tic disorder and other tic disorders. They are
difficult to diagnose, as tics are sometimes associated with other conditions.
For example, allergies might be a cause for a repeated sniffing or twitching of
If you have tics,
your doctor will begin your medical evaluation by performing a physical exam
(especially a neurological exam) and complete medical history. This will help
to rule out an underlying medical condition as the cause of your symptoms.
may need to order other tests, such as brain CT scans and blood tests, to
determine if the tics are a symptom of something more serious, such as
meet all the following conditions to receive a transient tic disorder diagnosis:
must have one or more motor tics (such as blinking or shrugging the shoulders)
or vocal tics (such as humming, clearing the throat, or yelling a word or
must occur for less than 12 months in a row.
must start before 18 years of age.
must not be a result of medication or drugs, or of another medical condition
such as Huntington disease or post-viral encephalitis.
must not have Tourette’s syndrome or any other chronic motor or vocal tic
How Is Transient Tic
tic disorder in children often goes away without treatment. It’s important that
family members and teachers don’t call attention to the tics. This can make the
child more self-conscious and aggravate their symptoms.
combination of therapy and medication may help in situations where the tics
affect work or school. Because stress can make tics worse or more frequent,
techniques to control and manage stress are important.
behavioral therapy is also a useful way to treat tic disorders. During these
sessions, a patient learns to avoid self-destructive actions by controlling their
emotions, behaviors, and thoughts.
can’t completely cure tic disorders, but it can reduce symptoms for some
people. Your doctor may prescribe a drug that reduces the dopamine in your
brain, such as fluphenazine, haloperidol, or pimozide. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter
that may influence tics.
could also treat your tic disorder with antidepressants. These drugs help treat
symptoms of anxiety, sadness, or obsessive-compulsive disorder, and may help
with the complications of your disorder.
What Is the Long-Term
transient tic disorder can be frustrating at times. However, the condition is
manageable with proper treatment. Try to keep your stress at reasonable levels
to help reduce your symptoms. Therapy and medication can help relieve symptoms
in some cases.
children with transient tic disorder play an important role in providing
emotional support and helping ensure that their child’s education doesn’t
tics disappear after a few months. However, parents should keep a watchful eye
on changing symptoms. In some cases, transient tic disorder can develop into a
more serious condition, such as Tourette’s syndrome.