What Is Spondylolisthesis?
is a spinal condition that affects the lower vertebrae (spinal bones). This
disease causes one of the lower vertebras to slip forward onto the bone
directly beneath it. This is a painful condition, but it is treatable in most
cases. Both therapeutic and surgical methods may be used. Proper exercise
techniques can help you avoid this condition.
Symptoms of Spondylolisthesis
of spondylolisthesis vary. People with mild cases may not have any symptoms.
However, people with severe cases may be unable to perform daily activities.
Some of the most common symptoms are:
lower back pain
in your back and legs
hamstring and buttock muscles
Causes of Spondylolisthesis
spondylolisthesis vary based on age, heredity, and lifestyle. Children may
suffer from this condition as the result of a birth defect or injury. However, people
of all ages are susceptible if the condition runs in your family. Rapid growth
during adolescence may also be a contributing factor.
may also cause your strain to overstretch and put stress on your lower back.
The following sports are especially likely to cause this condition:
is often a precursor to spondylolisthesis. Spondylolysis occurs when there is a
fracture in a vertebra, but it has not yet fallen onto a lower bone in your
are the first step in diagnosing this condition. If you have spondylolisthesis,
you may have difficulty raising your leg straight outward during simple
exercises. X-rays of your lower spine are crucial for determining whether a
vertebra is out of place. Your doctor may also look for any possible bone
fractures on the X-ray images.
may order a more detailed CT scan if the misplaced bone is pressing on your
for spondylolisthesis depends on your severity of pain and vertebra slippage.
Nonsurgical treatments can help ease pain and encourage the bone to go back
into place. It’s important to avoid contact sports during the healing process.
nonsurgical treatment methods include:
a back brace
physical therapy exercises
over-the-counter or prescription anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen) to
epidural steroid injections
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons recommends trying nonsurgical
treatments first. However, adults suffering from severe cases of
spondylolisthesis may need to have a spinal fusion. Surgical correction of the
misplaced vertebra is required when the bone has slipped so far down that your
spine doesn’t respond to nonsurgical therapies. Surgery is also required if the
bones of your spine are pressing on your nerves.
will work to stabilize your spine by using a bone graft and metal rods. They
may insert an internal brace to help support the vertebra while it heals. After
the spinal fusion is complete, it will take four to eight months for the bones
to fully fuse together. The success rate of the surgery is very high.
intervention is crucial for relieving symptoms of spondylolisthesis. This
condition can cause chronic pain and permanent damage if left untreated. You may
eventually experience joint weakness and leg paralysis if nerves have been
damaged. Infection of the spine may also occur in rare cases.
called roundback, is a complication in which the upper portion of the spine
falls off of the lower half, causing increased forward spinal angulation.
Back pain can
be scary, so it’s important to talk to your doctor as soon as you think you may
have experienced symptoms of spondyloslisthesis. Early treatment measures can
cure most cases of spondylolisthesis. According to an article published in Neurosurgical Focus, most people with
spondylolisthesis respond well to conservative nonsurgical treatment. Your
doctor will talk to you about your options, depending on how severe your