What Is Language Disorder?
language disorder (formerly known as receptive-expressive language disorder) have
difficulty expressing themselves and understanding what others are saying. This
is unrelated to hearing and speech problems.
is common in young children. It occurs in 10 to 15 percent of those under the age of 3
years old. By age 4, language ability is generally more stable and can be
measured more accurately to determine whether or not a deficit exists.
Recognizing the Disorder
Problems in Expression
disorder is often first noticed in childhood. Your child may overuse
"um" and "uh" because they cannot recall the right word.
vocabulary in comparison to other children of the same age
ability to form sentences
ability to use words and connect sentences to explain or describe something
ability to have a conversation
words in the wrong order
a question while thinking of an answer
tenses (for example, using past tense instead of present)
these symptoms are part of normal language development. However, your child may
have a language disorder if several of these issues are persistent and don’t
Difficulty Understanding Others
important aspect of this disorder is having a hard time understanding others
when they speak. This may translate into difficulty following directions at
home and school.
the National Institutes of Health, there may be a problem if your
child is 18 months old and doesn’t understand a command like "get your
coat.” If your child isn’t using names like “Mama” or “Dada” by 30 months, then
it may be a sign of a language disorder.
the cause of this disorder is unknown. Genetics and nutrition may play a role,
but these explanations have not yet been proven.
language development involves the ability to hear, see, comprehend, and retain
information. This process may be delayed in some children, who eventually catch
up with peers.
A delay in
language development may be related to:
to the central nervous system
delayed language may accompany other developmental problems, such as:
disorder is not necessarily related to a lack of intelligence. Experts try to
identify the cause when language development doesn’t happen naturally.
Addressing and Easing
is often treated through the collective efforts of parents, teachers, speech
specialists, and health professionals.
course of action is to visit your primary care provider for a full physical.
This will help rule out or diagnose other conditions, such as a hearing problem
or other sensory impairment.
treatment for this language disorder is speech and language therapy. Treatment
will depend on the age of your child and the cause and extent of the condition.
For example, your child may participate in one-on-one meetings with a language
therapist or attend group sessions. The language therapist will repeat words
and speak slowly to your child to strengthen their comprehension and expression
intervention often plays an important role in a successful outcome.
Home Care Options
your child at home can help. Here are some tips:
- Speak clearly, slowly, and
concisely when asking your child a question.
- Wait patiently as your child
forms a response.
- Keep the atmosphere relaxed to
- Ask your child to put your
instructions in their own words after giving an explanation or command.
contact with teachers is also important. Your child may be reserved in class
and may not want to participate in activities that involve talking and sharing.
Ask the teacher about class activities in advance to help prepare your child
for upcoming discussions.
difficulty understanding and communicating with others can be frustrating and
may trigger episodes of acting out. Counseling may be needed to address
emotional or behavioral issues.
Consequences of the
communication is an important part of forming relationships at work, school,
and social settings. An unaddressed language disorder can cause long-term
consequences, including depression or behavior problems in adulthood.
Preventing This Disorder
this disorder is difficult, especially because the exact cause of the disorder
is largely unknown. However, it’s possible to reduce the disorder’s impact by
working closely with a language therapist. Seeing a counselor can also help in
dealing with the emotional and mental health challenges that the disorder may