Hyperactivity is a state of being unusually or abnormally active.
Hyperactivity is often difficult for people around the hyperactive person, such
as teachers, employers, and parents. Hyperactive people often become anxious or
depressed because of their condition and how people respond to them.
People who are hyperactive may develop other problems due to their
inability to stay still or concentrate. For example, hyperactivity may lead to
difficulties at school or work, and may strain relationships with friends and
family. It can lead to accidents and injuries, and it increases the risk of
alcohol and drug abuse.
Hyperactivity has many different characteristics, including:
- constant movement
- aggressive behavior
- impulsive behavior
- being easily distracted
Hyperactivity is often a symptom of another underlying cause,
such as varying mental diseases and medical.
One of the main disorders associated with hyperactivity is
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. ADHD is a disorder that
causes you to become overactive, inattentive, and impulsive. This condition is
usually diagnosed at a young age, but some people experience ADHD as adults.
Hyperactivity is treatable. For the best results, early detection
and early treatment are required.
What Causes Hyperactivity?
Hyperactivity can be caused by mental and physical disorders. The
most common are:
- hyperthyroidism, or having too much thyroid
- brain disorders
- nervous system disorders
- psychological disorders
Recognizing the Signs of Hyperactivity
In children, hyperactivity may lead to difficulty concentrating
in school. They may also display impulsive behaviors such as:
- talking out of turn
- blurting things out
- hitting other students
- being overactive
Adults who display hyperactivity may display the following:
- difficulty concentrating at work
- short attention span
- difficulty remembering names, numbers, or bits
You may develop some anxiety or depression if you are distressed
about your condition. Adults who have hyperactivity probably displayed these
symptoms as children.
How Is Hyperactivity Diagnosed?
If you or your child is displaying signs of hyperactivity, speak with
your doctor. Your doctor will question you about your symptoms, focusing on when
the symptoms began and any recent changes in your overall health. They will
also ask if you are taking any medications to treat a medical or mental health
condition. The answers to these questions will help your doctor determine what
type of hyperactivity you are displaying and whether it is a new or worsening
condition, or simply a side effect of medication.
It is important to get a proper diagnosis from your doctor in
order to effectively treat your condition.
How Is Hyperactivity Treated?
If your doctor thinks your hyperactivity is being caused by an
underlying condition, they may prescribe medications to treat that condition.
Conditions affecting the following parts of your body often contribute to hyperactivity:
- nervous system
Your doctor may take a blood or urine sample to check your
hormone levels, since hyperactivity can also be caused by a hormonal imbalance.
For example, you might have an imbalance in your thyroid hormone, or other
Hyperactivity can also relate to an emotional disorder. In this
case, you will be treated by a mental health specialist. Your specialist will
review your symptoms to determine what condition you may have. Once a condition
is diagnosed, you may be given medications or therapy to help control your hyperactivity.
behavioral therapy and talk therapy are common practices used to treat
therapy aims to change your patterns of thinking and behavior. Talk therapy involves discussing your
symptoms with a therapist. Your therapist can teach you how to cope with your condition
and reduce its effects.
When therapy isn’t enough, you may also need to take medicine to
control symptoms. These medications have a calming effect and are prescribed
for both children and adults. These drugs include:
Some of these medications are habit-forming. Your doctor or
mental health care provider will monitor your medication usage.
You may also be advised to avoid stimulants that may trigger
symptoms. Common stimulants to avoid are caffeine and nicotine.