Injuries and certain medical
conditions can result in bleeding. This can trigger anxiety and fear, but
bleeding has a healing purpose. Still, you need to understand how to treat
common bleeding incidents, like cuts and bloody noses, as well as when to seek
your skin is cut or scraped, you begin to bleed. This is because blood vessels
in the area are damaged. Bleeding serves a useful purpose because it helps to
clean out a wound. But too much bleeding can cause your body to go into shock.
cannot always judge the seriousness of a cut or wound by the amount it bleeds.
Some serious injuries can bleed very little. On the other hand, cuts on the
head, face, and mouth may bleed a lot because there are a lot of blood vessels
in those areas.
and chest wounds can be quite serious because internal organs may be damaged, which
can cause internal bleeding and even shock. Abdominal and chest wounds are considered
an emergency, and you should call for immediate medical help, especially if
there are symptoms of shock, such as dizziness, weakness, pale and clammy skin,
shortness of breath, and increased heart rate.
waiting for medical care, give first aid treatment for shock. Have the injured
person lie quietly with his or her feet elevated about 12 inches. Cover him or
her with a blanket to maintain body warmth.
First Aid for Cuts and Wounds
the person to remain calm. If the cut is large or bleeding heavily, have them
lie down. If the wound is on an arm or leg, raise the limb above the heart to
obvious debris from the wound, such as sticks or grass. If the object is
embedded in the body, do NOT remove it.
the cut is small, wash it out with soap and water. Do NOT clean a large wound.
putting on clean latex gloves, apply firm pressure to the wound with a folded
cloth or bandage for about 10 minutes. Do not remove the bandage to look at the
wound during this time, as it may begin bleeding again. If blood soaks through,
add another cloth or bandage and continue holding pressure on the cut for an
additional 10 minutes.
bleeding has stopped, tape a clean bandage over the cut.
medical care for a cut or wound if:
jagged or deep, or if it is a puncture wound.
on the face
the result of an animal bite
is dirt that won’t come out after washing
bleeding will not stop
A bloody nose is
common in both children and adults. Most nosebleeds are not serious, especially
in children. Yet, adults can have nosebleeds related to high blood pressure or
hardening of the arteries, and it may be more difficult to stop them.
Aid for a Nosebleed
the person sit down and lean his or her head forward. This will reduce pressure
in the nasal veins and slow the bleeding.
them push the bleeding nostril firmly against the septum (the dividing wall in
the nose). If the person is unable to do this, put on latex gloves and hold the
nose for him or her for five to 10 minutes.
the nose stops bleeding, instruct the person not to blow his or her nose for
several days. This could dislodge the clot and cause bleeding to begin again.
help for a nosebleed if:
does not stop after about 20 minutes
nosebleed is related to a fall or injury in which case the nose may have been