Fibromyalgia is a complex and poorly understood disease. People with
fibromyalgia experience fatigue and muscle pain. The goal of fibromyalgia treatment
- reduce muscle pain and stiffness
- improve sleep
- teach people to recognize and reduce stress
Alternative treatments for fibromyalgia show promise, but results of studies
are mixed. More research is necessary. Before trying any alternative
treatments, check with your doctor to be sure they’re safe and right for you.
Acupuncture is a practice of traditional Chinese medicine that involves
inserting thin needles into points on the body. The purpose is to balance the
flow of energy, or “qi,” through the body. Acupressure is similar, but it
involves applying pressure rather than using needles at the same points along
the body. Acupressure can be self-administered.
Acupuncture and acupressure have become more popular and are more available in
Western cultures today. People use acupuncture to manage pain and treat many
conditions, including fibromyalgia. According to the Mayo Clinic, some studies show these methods
to be effective in pain treatment, but other studies show no benefit. Acupuncture
and acupressure may be able to reduce pain and improve sleep for some people,
but their effectiveness is unclear.
chi and yoga
two practices use both the mind and the body. These practices use meditation,
slow movement, and relaxation to help reduce stress, anxiety, and pain. This
can help lead to a better quality of life. One study
showed that an eight-week yoga program greatly reduced fibromyalgia symptoms in
the study participants.
Chiropractic care uses various techniques to correct a misalignment of the
spine and other joints, and to relieve pain and other symptoms. Chiropractors
may also incorporate stretching and massage techniques, which also reduce
Mindfulness is a type of meditation that teaches you to focus on the present
moment. It often involves:
- relaxation techniques
- deep breathing
- yoga-style stretching
The aim is to reduce the symptoms of anxiety and depression by focusing on
the present moment. One study suggests that mindfulness meditation can
possibly reduce pain for women with fibromyalgia and help them better cope with
anxiety and depression associated with the disorder.
Several over-the-counter herbs and natural supplements can help reduce stress
and promote sleep. Some may have side effects and can interact with
prescription drugs. You should always talk to your doctor before adding any
herbs or supplements to your treatment plan.
Magnesium is a mineral in many foods. A lack of magnesium can disrupt nerve
function and make pain worse. Taking magnesium supplements may help restore
nerve function for people with fibromyalgia. Research on magnesium’s benefits
for fibromyalgia has mixed results.
Melatonin is a hormone the body uses to regulate sleep cycles. Your body
produces it after exposure to light and releases it during the dark evening
hours. Melatonin may help people with jet lag and insomnia, but evidence for
its ability to improve sleep in people with fibromyalgia is unclear.
Melatonin can cause a number of side effects, including:
- a low sex drive
You shouldn’t take melatonin if you have an autoimmune disorder because it
may stimulate inflammation.
Valerian is an herb that can improve sleep, reduce anxiety, and relax
muscles. Researchers haven’t studied the use of valerian for fibromyalgia, but
it has shown promise for other diseases. It may help people by aiding in
relaxation, leading to better sleep and more relaxed muscles.
If standard medical practice isn’t working to help treat your fibromyalgia
symptoms, then many alternative therapies are available to help. Scientific
studies on some of the alternatives have mixed results. However, certain
alternative therapies have relieved fibromyalgia symptoms for some people.
Whatever treatment you choose, talk to your doctor about it first. Alternative
medicines are often marketed as risk-free, but herbs and supplements can have
side effects. Talk about treatment options with your doctor. They can help you
make a healthy choice.