What is coffee
Coffee ground vomitus is vomit that looks like coffee grounds. This occurs
due to the presence of coagulated blood in the vomit. Vomiting blood is also
known as hematemesis or coffee ground emesis.
The color of the vomited blood varies depending on how long the blood was in
your gastrointestinal (GI) system. If you have a delay in vomiting, the blood
will appear dark red, brown, or black. The presence of clotted blood within the
vomit will make it look like coffee grounds.
This is a serious condition, and it requires immediate medical attention. Be
sure to note the time and amount you vomited, and anything that might have
caused the vomiting. If possible, you should take a sample of the vomit to your
doctor for further testing.
What symptoms may occur with coffee ground vomitus?
Get emergency medical care as soon as you begin vomiting blood. Call 911 or
local emergency services if you’re vomiting blood or material that looks like
coffee grounds and you’re also experiencing:
- unusually pale skin, or pallor
- chest pain
- bright red blood or large clots in the vomit
- severe abdominal pain
causes coffee ground vomitus?
Coffee ground vomitus can occur due to various conditions, including gastric
ulcers, esophageal varices related to cirrhosis, or gastritis. If you have this
symptom, get medical attention as soon as possible to get an accurate
Some other possible causes of coffee ground vomitus include:
- stomach and esophageal problems related to cirrhosis from
alcohol abuse, viral hepatitis, autoimmune diseases, or fatty liver
- cancer of the esophagus, pancreas, or stomach
- diseases such as Ebola virus infection, hemophilia B,
or yellow fever
is the cause of coffee ground vomitus diagnosed?
Coffee ground vomitus is often an indicator of GI bleeding. You should
always see your doctor for an exam if you experience it.
Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms, other health conditions,
and medications you may be taking. After reviewing your medical history and
performing a physical exam, your doctor will order one or more tests to
determine the cause of the bleeding.
In addition to X-rays and baseline blood tests, you may need to have the
- Gastric occult blood testing is a test your doctor can
use to look for blood in the vomitus.
- An upper GI endoscopy is a procedure in which your
doctor inserts a small flexible scope with a camera down your esophagus.
- A barium study is a special X-ray that uses a contrast
dye called barium, which you’ll swallow, to help your doctor identify
problems in your GI tract.
- Liver function studies are blood tests that can help
your doctor identify any diseases or damage to your liver.
- Fecal occult blood testing is a test that can detect
blood in your stool.
- During a flexible sigmoidoscopy or a colonoscopy, your
doctor inserts a small scope with a camera through your anus and into the
colon and rectum.
Your doctor will make a
diagnosis based on these tests and begin a treatment plan to address your