means that the small blood vessels (capillaries) beneath the skin break easily
and frequently. They then leak blood into the surrounding tissue and create discolorations.
or increased tendency to bruise.
Most of us get
bruises from bumping into something from time to time. Bruising sometimes
increases with age. This is especially true in women as the capillary walls
become more fragile and the skin becomes thin. Medications that may increase a
person’s tendency to bleed include:
- other medications used to
prevent clotting (blood thinners)
bruise typically doesn’t cause much medical concern. If you’re bruising easily,
with large bruises or bleeding elsewhere it could be a sign of a serious
medical condition that warrants attention.
to be aware that unexplained bruising may be a sign of domestic violence or
abuse. Your doctors are required by law to ask you questions to make sure you
are safe in your domestic situation.
Other diagnoses or associated conditions that can cause easy
- acquired platelet
- brittle bone disease
- celiac disease
- Christmas disease
- chronic kidney
- Cushings syndrome
- end stage kidney
- factor II deficiency
- factor V deficiency
- factor VII deficiency
- factor X deficiency
- german measles
- hairy cell leukemia
- hemophila A
- low platelet count
- medullary cystic
- paroxysmal nocturnal
- Von Willebrand
Diagnosis and Treatment
Blood tests will
probably be done to measure the level of platelets and the time it takes your
blood to coagulate (clot). If there is swelling and pain with bruising, the
first line of treatment is to apply a cold compress. If an extremity is
involved, elevate the arm or leg and apply a cold compress for 20 minutes until
the swelling is reduced. After the swelling is reduced, you may apply a warm
compress to help reabsorb the blood.
When To Call Your Doctor
Call your doctor
if you’re bruising more frequently than usual and if bruising is accompanied by
bleeding from anywhere else, such as in the urine.