What are Anaerobic Infections?
infections are common infections caused by anaerobic bacteria. These bacteria
are naturally occurring and plentiful in and on the body. They are the most
common flora in the body. They don’t cause infection in their natural state,
but can cause infection after injury or trauma to the body. Anaerobic
infections commonly affect the abdomen, genitals, heart, bone, joints, central
nervous system (CNS), respiratory tract, skin, and mouth.
infections are a cause for concern because they are often difficult to treat.
Common anaerobic infections include:
- abscess (brain, abdominal, lung, peritonsillar, liver,
- Lemierre’s syndrome
What Causes Anaerobic Infections?
infections are often caused when deep tissues inside the body become injured
and/or exposed. This can be by injury, trauma, or surgery. Specific causes can
include surgery, bites, and root canals.
People with low
blood supply, weak immune systems, and diabetes are at the highest risk.
Symptoms of Anaerobic Infections
The most common
indicators of anaerobic infection include:
infection near the skin
damage or gangrene
of infected area
Other symptoms can
occur at the location of the infection. For example, infection in the mouth or
throat could cause tender gums, bad breath, or pain. Infection in the lungs may
cause chest pain or coughing. Infection of the skin could cause pain, redness,
Diagnosing Anaerobic Infections
anaerobic infection, first a physical examination is performed. A doctor then asks
about symptoms. Testing of infected tissue can identify the bacteria
responsible for the infection. For internal infections, an X-ray or imaging
scan may be needed.
Treating Anaerobic Infections
infections are usually treated with antibiotics and other medications, along
with drainage. Drainage is necessary to successfully treat the infection. In
some cases, the infection or abscess will need to be surgically removed.
Anaerobic Infection Prognosis
infections are serious and can be life-threatening if not treated properly and
quickly. Most people make a complete
recovery following proper treatment for the infection.