diazepam (generic name)

It is used to treat anxiety and nervousness
(dye AZ e pam)
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What is this medicine?

DIAZEPAM (dye AZ e pam) is a benzodiazepine. It is used to treat anxiety and nervousness. It also can help treat alcohol withdrawal, relax muscles, and treat certain types of seizures. This medicine can also be used before surgery and certain procedures.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
  • an alcohol or drug abuse problem
  • bipolar disorder, depression, psychosis or other mental health condition
  • glaucoma
  • kidney disease
  • liver disease
  • lung or breathing disease
  • myasthenia gravis
  • Parkinson's disease
  • seizures or a history of seizures
  • suicidal thoughts
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to diazepam, other benzodiazepines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

The medicine is for injection into a muscle or into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this medicine may be prescribed for children as young as 1 month of age for selected conditions, precautions do apply.

What if I miss a dose?

This does not apply.

What may interact with this medicine?

  • cimetidine
  • grapefruit juice
  • herbal or dietary supplements like kava kava, melatonin, St. John's Wort, or valerian
  • medicines for anxiety or sleeping problems, like alprazolam, lorazepam, or triazolam
  • medicines for depression, mental problems or psychiatric disturbances
  • medicines for HIV infection or AIDS
  • prescription pain medicines
  • rifampin, rifapentine, or rifabutin
  • some medicines for seizures like carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, or primidone

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Your condition will be monitored carefully while you are receiving this medicine.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • breathing problems
  • angry, confused, depressed, other mood changes
  • feeling faint or lightheaded, falls
  • muscle cramps
  • problems with balance, talking, walking
  • restlessness
  • tremors
  • trouble passing urine or change in the amount of urine
  • unusually weak or tired

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • difficulty sleeping, nightmares
  • dizziness, drowsiness, clumsiness, or unsteadiness, a hangover effect
  • headache
  • nausea, vomiting

Where should I keep my medicine?

This drug is given in a hospital or clinic and will not be stored at home.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Last Updated: April 06, 2009
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