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After a doctor completes medical school and is licensed to practice medicine, the physician may pursue a rigorous 3 year training program in Internal Medicine.
To become a psychiatrist, a doctor must complete a four-year, psychiatric-residency program for training in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of mood, anxiety, substance-abuse and gender-identity disorders, as well as other psychological and interpersonal problems. Two years of additional training in child and adolescent psychiatry in an accredited fellowship program are required, as well as successful completion of an oral and written examination for Board Certification.
The American Board of Medical Specialties recognizes Family Medicine as a distinct discipline requiring an additional three years of training for doctors who wish to become Board Certified in this field. Family Medicine doctors are usually primary care providers (PCPs) [formerly general practitioners, or GPs] for the entire family.