Nicotine Addiction and Dependence complications
Nicotine Addiction and Dependence

  • A lobectomy is the surgical removal of a lobe of an organ. It most often refers to the removal of a section of a lung.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Lung cancer is a cancer that originates in the lungs. Lung cancer often goes undetected in the early stages, since symptoms don't usually present themselves until the advanced stages of the disease.
    Source:HLCMS
  • A study in 1973 showed a connection between an ear crease & heart disease. Find out if a small mark on your ear could have anything to do with heart disease.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Heart disease is a broad term that covers many heart-related problems and conditions, including coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), heart infections, congenital heart defects, and others. When blood ve...
    Source:HLCMS
  • All types of heart disease share common traits and have key differences. Learn about the different types, including coronary, ischemic, and congenital.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Nicotine is the drug that makes tobacco addictive. Nicotine can have a wide range of effects on the brain, including: boosting mood reducing depression reducing irritability enhancing concentration and short-term memory producing a sense of well-b...
    Source:HLCMS
  • Cigarettes, chewing tobacco, pipes, and cigars are all made with dried tobacco leaves, which naturally contain the drug nicotine. Manufacturers of these products add additional nicotine, as well as a whole host of other chemicals and additives, to...
    Source:HLCMS
  • A clot blocks the blood flow to the heart (heart attack), and damages heart muscle. Symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, and a blue or grey tinge to the skin.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Emphysema is a lung disease that, along with chronic bronchitis, represents a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Lack of oxygen may give skin and lips a bluish hue.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Pancreatic cancer is cancer of the pancreas, an organ that secretes an enzyme that breaks down fats, carbs, and proteins. Pancreatic cancer can obstruct the outflow of bile from the liver and causes yellow skin.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Bladder cancer occurs in the tissues of the bladder, which is the organ that holds urine. Fatigue, weight loss, painful or frequent urination, and abdominal or back pain are symptoms.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Miscarriage (spontaneous abortion) is an event that results in the loss of a fetus during early pregnancy. There are many types and causes. Symptoms include heavy spotting, vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, and more.
    Source:HLCMS
  • The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located in the abdomen on either side of the spine. Several types of cancer can affect the kidneys. Adenocarcinoma of the kidney is also known as renal cell carcinoma. It is the most common type of kidney can...
    Source:HLCMS
  • Repeated bouts of bronchitis that continue beyond several weeks may indicate chronic bronchitis-a recurring long-term condition that can be managed but not completely cured.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Esophageal cancer occurs when a malignant (cancerous) tumor forms in the lining of the esophagus, which is the muscular tube responsible for moving food from the throat to the stomach. As the cancer grows, it can affect the deep tissues and muscle...
    Source:HLCMS
  • Infant low birth weight (LBW) is when babies weigh less than five pounds, eight ounces at birth. LBW often occurs in babies who are born prematurely, before 37 weeks of gestation.
    Source:HLCMS
  • An aneurysm is a weak spot in the wall of a blood vessel that may cause an abnormal bulge. The bulge can rupture and cause internal bleeding. Although they can occur in any blood vessel, aneurysms are most common in the brain, the aorta, the legs,...
    Source:HLCMS
  • Pseudobulbar palsy is an inability to control the muscles in the face. It can have a large impact on a person's ability to speak.
    Source:HLCMS
  • A stroke (a "brain attack") is a medical emergency in which part of the brain is deprived of oxygen. This occurs when an artery that supplies oxygenated blood to the brain becomes damaged and brain cells begin to die.
    Source:HLCMS
  • A cerebrovascular accident is the medical term for a stroke. A stroke is when blood flow to a part of your brain is stopped either by a blockage or a rupture of a blood vessel. Learn the signs of a stroke, and the importance of getting treatment q...
    Source:HLCMS
  • Myoclonus is a sudden muscle spasm. The movement is involuntary and can't be stopped or controlled.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Sixth nerve palsy is a disorder affecting the sixth nerve, which supplies the lateral rectus muscle.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Aphasia is a communication disorder that affects the brain's ability to use and understand language. Aphasia can interfere with your use of verbal and/or written communication.
    Source:HLCMS
  • Hemianopsia is a loss of vision in half of the visual field of one eye or both eyes. Common causes are stroke, brain tumor, and trauma to the brain.
    Source:HLCMS
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