Pediatric nephrologists specialize in the treatment of children and teens with kidney, urinary-tract or bladder disorders. After completing medical school, the physician receives at least three more years of training in a pediatric residency, followed by an additional three or more years of training as a pediatric nephrology fellow.
After a doctor completes medical school and is licensed to practice medicine, the physician may pursue a rigorous 3 year training program in Internal Medicine.
The American Board of Medical Specialties recognizes Family Medicine as a distinct discipline requiring an additional three years of training for doctors who wish to become Board Certified in this field. Family Medicine doctors are usually primary care providers (PCPs) [formerly general practitioners, or GPs] for the entire family.