Tests could include:
- Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP)
- Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
- Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography
- History and Physical Exam
- CA 19-9 Test
- Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) Blood Test
- ERCP with Biopsy of Bile Duct
- Endoscopic Ultrasound
- Cytology Laboratory Test
- Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy
- Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
- Liver Function Tests
- Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan
- Intraoperative Cholangiogram
- Serum Total Bilirubin Measurement
- Serum Aspartate Aminotransferase Measurement
- Serum Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Level
- Liver Ultrasound
- Liver Scan
- Tumor Marker Measurement
- Needle Biopsy
- Ultrasound Scan
- MRI of Liver
- Liver Biopsy
- Chest X-Ray
- Percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy
ERCP is a test used to look for and treat abnormalities in the pancreas, bile ducts, and gallbladder. ERCP is an abbreviation for “endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.” ERCP is a combination of two different types of tests: ...
Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram (PTCA) is a radiologic procedure used to pinpoint bile duct blockages in your liver. A local anesthetic and medications are given to make you sleepy and relaxed before the procedure. The doctor then inserts ...
A carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test is a blood test used to help diagnose and manage certain types of cancers, especially cancer of the colon. The test measures the amount of CEA present in the blood. If you already have cancer, this test helps ...
The thyroid is an important organ in your endocrine system that releases hormones that regulate many of the functions in your body. The thyroid gland is found at the base of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. Sometimes small nodules, or ...
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is a noninvasive test that uses magnets and radio waves to create images of the inside of your body. It allows doctors to see details of your organs and tissues without having to make any incisions. Accordin...
A computerized tomography scan (CT or CAT scan) is a series of cross-sectional X-ray images of your body. CT scans are used to examine your bones and soft tissues for damage or abnormalities. Often, these images can be combined to create a 3D pict...
Liver function tests help determine the health of your liver by measuring levels of proteins, enzymes, or bilirubin in your blood. Many tests can be performed on the liver, but most of them do not measure the overall function of the liver. The mos...
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a sophisticated medical imaging technique. It uses a radioactive tracer to pinpoint differences in tissues on the molecular level. PET scans can detect differences in body functions, such as blood flow, use of...
A positron emission tomography (PET) scan is an imaging test that allows doctors to check for disease in the body. The scan uses radioactive tracers in a special dye. These tracers are injected into an arm vein and absorbed by organs and tissues. ...
A brain biopsy is a procedure used to remove a tumor or a piece of tissue from the brain so that it can be examined under a microscope to diagnose illness.
An ultrasound scan is a medical test that uses high-frequency sound waves to capture live images from the inside of your body. The technology is similar to that used by sonar and radar, which help the military detect planes and ships. An ultrasoun...
In some cases, your doctor may decide that he or she needs a sample of your tissue or your cells to help diagnose an illness or identify a cancer. This removal of tissue or cells is called a biopsy. While a biopsy may sound scary, it's important t...
A biopsy of the liver is a medical procedure in which a small amount of liver tissue is surgically removed so it can be tested in a laboratory. Liver biopsies are usually done to detect the presence of abnormal cells in the liver, such as cancer c...
An X-ray is an imaging test that uses small amounts of radiation to produce pictures of the organs, tissues, and bones of the body. When focused on the chest, it can help spot abnormalities or diseases of the airways, blood vessels, bones, heart, ...